Differences and Similarities

 AbuseHarassment
Types Emotional, physical, sexual, lack of care Emotional, physical, sexual; may be motivated by racial or other forms of prejudice
Victim Any person under the age of majority as determined by the Provincial Child Protection Acts, may be male or female Person of any age; may be male or female
Offender Any person who has power or authority over victim and/or breeches trust; may be male or female May be peer or person with power or authority over adult victim; may be male or female
Investigation External to the organization, referred to child welfare or police who may in some instances refer back to organization Most often internal unless referred to police in cases of suspected physical or sexual assault or criminal harassment (stalking)
Follow-up Actions Determined by Provincial Child Protection Acts and Criminal Code; civil suits may also occur Determined by organizations harassment policies, Criminal Code, labour tribunals, civil action and/or Provincial Human Rights Tribunals; may be used concurrently or alone
Philosophy The victim is not to blame; offenders are responsible for their behavior The victim is not to blame; offenders are responsible for their behavior

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